Chronic caries

Dental Caries (Tooth Decay) National Institute of Dental

  1. Dental caries (tooth decay) remains the most prevalent chronic disease in both children and adults, even though it is largely preventable. Although caries has significantly decreased for most Americans over the past four decades, disparities remain among some population groups
  2. progressive decay of a bone or tooth. Dental caries is often caused by bacterial action on sugary foods and sweets, producing acids that destroy tooth enamel. fluoride in the water supply is protective. Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 200
  3. eralization of the tooth surface, and typically lead to the chronic, progressive destruction of your teeth
  4. Although dental caries are largely preventable, they remain the most common chronic disease of children aged 6 to 11 years and adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. Tooth decay is four times more common than asthma among adolescents aged 14 to 17 years

Cavities are permanently damaged areas in the hard surface of your teeth that develop into tiny openings or holes. Cavities, also called tooth decay or caries, are caused by a combination of factors, including bacteria in your mouth, frequent snacking, sipping sugary drinks and not cleaning your teeth well Review ArticleDental caries, a chronic disease is unique among human and is one of the most common important global oral health problems in the world today. It is the destruction of dental hard Article Info:acellular tissue by acidic by-products from the bacterial fermentation of dietary carbohy 1. Decay of a bone or tooth, especially dental caries. 2. (used with a pl. verb) Instances of such decay, especially dental cavities: a child with several caries

2. <ul><li>DENTAL CARIES IS AN IRREVERSIBLE MICROBIAL DISEASE OF THE CALCIFIED TISSUES OF THE TEETH, CHARECTERIZED BY DEMINERALIZATION OF THE INORGANIC PORTION AND DESTRUCTION OF THE ORGANIC SUBSTANCE OF THE TOOTH, WHICH OFTEN LEADS TO CAVITATION </li></ul>DEFINITIO A chronic cough is a cough that lasts eight weeks or longer in adults, or four weeks in children. A chronic cough is more than just an annoyance. A chronic cough can interrupt your sleep and leave you feeling exhausted. Severe cases of chronic cough can cause vomiting, lightheadedness and even rib fractures Dental caries, unspecified. K02.9 is a billable/specific ICD-10-CM code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis for reimbursement purposes. The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM K02.9 became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of K02.9 - other international versions of ICD-10 K02.9 may differ Of all the ear diseases, I know none that are, on the one hand, so important and dangerous, and on the other, so gratifying and manageable as the group comprehended in the title of this communication. If left alone they prove fatal in a large percentage of cases; if treated understandingly, they..

Chronic caries definition of chronic caries by Medical

  1. eralization and eventually cavitation. 76 It has been recognized for years that the fissured occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth are the tooth.
  2. Overall, chronic tooth decay is a feature of the general condition of the patient's teeth. It can be described as the constant appearance of new lesions, their slow and imperceptible development
  3. eralizes tooth structure
  4. [Correlation of acute and chronic caries in connection with the space between deciduous teeth in children] [Correlation of acute and chronic caries in connection with the space between deciduous teeth in children] Stomatologiia (Mosk). 1972;51(1):48-50. [Article in Russian].
  5. CDM focuses on patient self-management strategies using evidence-based protocols developed by healthcare professionals. 2 As dental caries is a chronic disease significantly influenced by social and behavioral factors, effective disease control requires personalized strategies for each patient
  6. Any chronic health problem may contribute to tooth decay and cavities. For example, an individual with a chronic liver disorder or indigestion problem has a chance to develop tooth cavities. In those cases, the acid could not flow back to the stomach, slowly affecting the protective shield or tooth enamel

Dental Caries: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatmen

  1. Early Childhood Caries is defined as the presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated lesions), missing (due to caries) or filled tooth surfaces in any primary tooth in a preschool-age child between birth and 71 months of age. The term Severe Early Childhood Caries refers to atypical or progressive or acute or rampant patterns of dental caries
  2. Chronic caries · These lesions are usually of long-standing involvement, affect a fewer number of teeth, and are smaller than acute caries. · Pain is not a common feature because of protection afforded to the pulp by secondary dentin · The decalcified dentin is dark brown and leathery
  3. In chronic and especially specific processes, caries develops slowly without severely pronounced symptoms. Treatment consists in medication (antibiotics, sulfanilamides) and specific treatment (anti-syphilitic, antituberculotic). Surgery is frequently effective. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc
  4. Cavities (also known as caries or tooth decay) are one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood in the United States. Untreated cavities can cause pain and infections that may lead to problems with eating, speaking, playing, and learning
  5. Tooth decay, also known as dental caries or cavities, is the breakdown of teeth due to acids made by bacteria. The cavities may be a number of different colors from yellow to black. Symptoms may include pain and difficulty with eating

Hygiene-related Diseases Hygiene-related Diseases

Dental caries is a largely preventable disease. Yet, caries is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood in the United States. 5 In fact, one in five children aged 5-11 years have at least one untreated decayed tooth; one of seven adolescents aged 12-19 years has at least one untreated decayed tooth Dental caries • An infectious, transmissible disease • Caries is not a single disease but several depending upon: - Location - pit and fissure vs smooth vs root surface - Time to onset - chronic vs acute - Composition of bacterial biofilm - Primary or secondar

Dental caries affects all populations on earth and it is considered one of the most prevalent chronic oral diseases and the second most common disease after the common cold. There are a number of factors involved in the occurrence of dental caries, with the three main ones being sugar, bacteria and time Tooth decay can be stopped or reversed at this point. Enamel can repair itself by using minerals from saliva, and fluoride from toothpaste or other sources. But if the tooth decay process continues, more minerals are lost. Over time, the enamel is weakened and destroyed, forming a cavity

Cavities/tooth decay - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Class II caries. Class III caries. Class IV caries. Class V caries. Enamel sealants are generally applied on deep pits and fissures of the occlusal surfaces of posterior teeth. Those areas correspond to the area of Class I carious lesions according to G.V. Black classification (the correct answer choice is 1). 2 Arrested Caries is a type of Dental Caries affecting Teeth which are basically Caries which has become stationary or non-progressive or static without any signs of further progression or extending into the Enamel or dentist structure. Arrested Carious Lesion is usually Self-cleansing and is usually seen on the lingual or labial surfaces of the tooth

Tooth decay is damage to a tooth's surface or enamel. It happens when bacteria in your mouth make acids that attack the enamel. Tooth decay can lead to cavities (dental caries), which are holes in your teeth. If tooth decay is not treated, it can cause pain, infection, and even tooth loss Caries is defined as a disease that causes a shift in the dental biofilm to acid-producing microorganisms which, ultimately, leads to mineral loss from hard dental tissue. 5 As the caries lesion progresses into dentin, the dentin tissue is first attacked by acid byproducts from microorganisms and eventually inhabited by the acid-producing. Early childhood caries (ECC) is a major health concern that continues to negatively affect the oral health of infants and children today. Dental caries is a chronic disease that in children is five times more common than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever. 1 Even with caries prevalence declining in the permanent dentition, decay prevalence in primary teeth is on the rise. 2.

Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood, 1 with 59% of 12- to 19-year-olds having at least 1 documented cavity. 3 Caries is a silent epidemic that disproportionately affects poor, young, minority populations and children living below 100% of the poverty level. 1 In the United States, 25% of 2- to 5-year-old children. Oral health conditions. The majority of oral health conditions are: dental caries (tooth decay), periodontal diseases, oral cancers, oral manifestations of HIV, oro-dental trauma, cleft lip and palate, and noma (severe gangrenous disease starting in the mouth mostly affecting children) Page 637. 26— Dental Caries. Dental caries is the localized demineralization of the tooth surface caused by organic acid metabolites of oral microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans.The disease leads to a chronic, progressive destruction of the teeth Dental caries is a complex, chronic, progressive, multifactorial disease intermediated by pathogenic factors that may lead to tooth damage (frequent exposure to dietary carbohydrates, dry mouth, and an acid-producing biofilm capable of fermenting carbohydrates and producing a decrease in pH) and apposing protective factors (fluoride, sealants.

Introduction. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood. Twenty-four percent of US children 2 to 4 years of age, 53% of children 6 to 8 years of age, and 56% of 15-year-olds have caries experience (ie, untreated dental caries, filled teeth, teeth missing as a result of dental caries). 1 For children 5 to 19 years of age, children from poor and racial or ethnic minority. Severe dental caries can impair quality of life. For example, dental caries may cause difficulties in eating and sleeping, and in its advanced stages (abscesses), it may result in pain and chronic systemic infection. Dental caries is also associated with adverse growth patterns. Further, tooth decay is a frequent cause of absence from school or. Caries risk assessment (CRA) is the clinical process of establishing the probability that a person will develop a new caries lesion or have progression of an existing lesion in the near future (Fontana and Zero, 2006). Because of the multifactorial and chronic nature of the dental caries disease process, CRA is complex, with multiple influences. Early childhood caries is the most common chronic disease in young children and may develop as soon as teeth erupt. Bacteria, predominately mutans streptococci, metabolize simple sugars to produce. Diagnosis of Chronic caries Nursing diagnosis Hsb diagnosis Diagnosis ccf Hypovolemia diagnosis Lunula diagnosis Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor. All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice..

Investigation of caries prevalence in children with cleft lip, alveolus, and palate. J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2004 Aug; 32 (4):216-219. Nunn JH, Welbury RR, Gordon PH, Kernahan J, Craft AW. Dental caries and dental anomalies in children treated by chemotherapy for malignant disease: a study in the north of England. Int J Paediatr Dent Tooth decay is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide. The health of your teeth relies on a combination of genetics and dental hygiene - The Caries is a bacterial infection, which occurs briefly due to bacteria that ferment the carbohydrates to produce the Lactic acid which causes the demineralization of the enamel surfaces, causing the decay and cavities. - The Caries may extend deeply into the tooth layers, to reach the dentin layer, which is sensitive, causing the tooth pain Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children in the United States. 1-3 According to the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, approximately 23% of children ages 2 to 5 years have dental caries in their primary teeth. 4 Prevalence is higher in Mexican American children (33%) and non-Hispanic Black children (28%) compared with non-Hispanic White children.

Dental caries and periodontitis constitute a global public health problem [1, 2] and represent the main cause of tooth loss in the adult population [3, 4].Over the last 3 to 4 decades the prevalence of caries has declined for all age groups and in many regions of the world [] being unequally distributed among socio-economic groups [2, 6].However, untreated caries in permanent teeth still. The AAPD recognizes early childhood caries as a significant chronic disease resulting from an imbalance of multiple risk and protective factors over time. To decrease the risk of developing ECC, the AAPD encourages professional and athome preventive measures that include Children frequently experience acute respiratory diseases, but chronic respiratory conditions — such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, allergic rhinitis or bronchopulmonary dysplasia — may alter the caries risk management profile. 11 Xerostomia is a common symptom and side effect of respiratory drug therapies that reduce buffering capacity and.

Chronic caries - definition of chronic caries by The Free

Background . Dental caries (decay or cavities) is a breakdown of teeth as a result of bacteria. Dental caries is one of the preventable oral health problems and the most common chronic diseases in childhood. Poor dental and oral health affect the quality of children's life. Objectives . To estimate the prevalence of dental caries and its associated factors among primary school children in. 1. Tooth decay and other infections. Here's an additional reason to brush, floss, and see your dentist regularly: In a study published in April 2013 in the journal Advances in Dermatology and. Despite some skepticism in the medical community, chronic Lyme disease is a growing epidemic in the U.S. This stems partly from the shortcomings of many of the officially recommended Lyme disease tests, which leave too many patients with untreated infections that then become persistent and debilitating. The following article will cover what you should know about chronic Lyme and provide an. The cause of tooth decay is plaque, a sticky substance in your mouth made up mostly of germs. Tooth decay starts in the outer layer, called the enamel. Without a filling, the decay can get deep into the tooth and its nerves and cause a toothache or abscess. To help prevent cavities

*Amounts of fluoride might vary by levels in the water used to prepare these foods and beverages. Fluoridated drinking water Since 1962, the U.S. Public Health Service has recommended the addition of fluoride to drinking (tap) water to reduce the risk and severity of dental caries, one of the most common chronic diseases in children [].Many countries around the world now adjust the fluoride. Many chronic diseases in childhood have been associated with poor oral health and increased caries compared to controls. 14,17-20,24-34 The prevention of dental disease in children who are medically compromised or who have a learning disability must be recognised as having a dental special need Dental caries is multifactorial and a chronic disease process. 13 The three components of caries risk assessment are risk indicators, risk factors, and protective factors. For a clinician, understanding the components of risk assessment and prognosis is an important facet of clinical decision making. 13 Tooth decay that is beginning to form or become apparent. Lactobacillus. type of bacteria that provides lactic acid from carbohydrates. Mutans streptococci. Type of bacteria primarily responsible for caries. the most common chronic disease in children. early childhood caries. what is the purpose of CAMBRA Dental caries is the common oral manifestation of children with ASD. 4 Dental caries is a chronic disease that commonly occurs during the lifetime

Classification Of Dental Caries - SlideShar

Chronic cough - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

  1. The effect of a relatively common chronic disease, severe dental caries, affects young childrens' growth and well-being. Treating dental caries in pre-school children would increase growth rates.
  2. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia /CLL - Often occurs among adults - Can be asymptomatic at times - Prognosis of chronic leukemia is better than acute leukemia . Acute myelogenous leukemia/ AML Similar to CLL, it is more common in adults and is a fast growing cancer
  3. Chronic Disease and Tooth Decay. Tooth decay is a major cause of tooth loss in children. Acidogenic (acid-producing) bacteria make acids from sugars in the diet that cause tooth decay. These bacteria, which live in the biofilm that collects on the teeth, are commonly transmitted from mothers to their children through everyday activities such as.
  4. Dental caries, otherwise known as tooth decay, is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases of people worldwide; individuals are susceptible to this disease throughout their lifetime. Dental caries forms through a complex interaction over time between acid-producing bacteria and fermentable carbohydrate, and many host factors including teeth and saliva. The disease develops in both the crowns.

Acute versus Chronic comparison chart; Acute Chronic; Definition: An acute disease is a disease with a rapid onset and/or a short course. A chronic condition is a human health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects These bacteria might help protect the mouth from the colonization of harmful microorganisms, but dental plaque can also cause tooth decay, and periodontal problems such as gingivitis and chronic. Caries in dentistry is a common pathology. This disease has 2 forms - chronic and acute. In both types, extensive damage to the teeth develops. Without treatment, proper care and diet correction, chronic caries is incurable. The reasons for the appearance of pathology and treatment are described in the article Did you know dental caries (cavities/tooth decay) is the most common chronic disease among children and young adults according to the CDC? in 2015/16, 45.8% of children ages 2-19 had treated or untreated dental caries. Dental caries are five times more common than asthma, four times more common than childhood obesity, and 20 times more common. The panel will review the current status of caries management as a chronic disease and the relative effectiveness of current restorative materials, before previewing a next-generation antimicrobial technology with the potential to change the prognosis for restorations, thus affecting disease outcomes. Presentation 1: Caries Balance and the.

2021 ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code K02

  1. Dental caries, often called cavities, are erosions of the surface of the tooth caused by the combined effects of bacteria, acids, plaque and tartar. Dental caries are common in both children and adults, and they occur most often as a result of poor dental hygiene. Dental caries are usually painless at first, but they may become painful if they.
  2. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease in children in the United States, and is increasing in prevalence among young children 1. According to the NHANES, the prevalence of tooth decay in primary teeth in children ages 2 to 5 years increased from approximately 24% to 28% between 1988-1994 and 1999-2004 2
  3. Diagnosis of Chronic caries Drugs/medication for Drug addiction Drugs/medication for drug erythema Download Here Free HealthCareMagic App to Ask a Doctor. All the information, content and live chat provided on the site is intended to be for informational purposes only, and not a substitute for professional or medical advice..
  4. eralization of the inorganic portion and destruction of the organic substance of the tooth. It is a common chronic disease that leads to pain and disability across all age groups
  5. ated by bacteria. And it is a global public health problem and the most common non-communicable disease. In developed countries, the cost of treating this problem is higher, accounting for 5% to 10% of the health care budget, and it is also a common cause of hospitalization

Tooth decay is the softening of your tooth enamel and refers to the damage of the structure of the tooth caused by acids that are created when plaque bacteria break down sugar in your mouth. If this loss of mineral from the enamel is left untreated, a cavity, or hole in the tooth, can eventually occur A dental sinus usually results from a chronic infection in longstanding necrotic dental pulp (a dead tooth). The decay is usually due to caries or trauma. Caries occur due to poor dental hygiene and regular consumption of refined sugars. Other predisposing factors to dental decay include: removable dental prostheses (due to stagnation of food Dental diseases, such as tooth decay and gum disease, are a costly burden to health care services. Although caries have become less frequent over the past 30 years, as people are living longer the number of people developing dental diseases is likely to increase. This is a particular concern in countries where sugar consumption is increasing and where fluoride exposure may be inadequate Dental caries on pit and fissure surface penetrating into pulp : K02.61 . Dental caries on smooth surface limited to enamel : K02.62 . Dental caries on smooth surface penetrating into dentin : K02.63 . Dental caries on smooth surface penetrating into pulp : K02.7 . Dental root caries : K02.9 . Dental caries, unspecified : K03.0 . Excessive.

Cavities and tooth decay occur when bacteria breaks down the tooth enamel, forming cavities. This dental disease has been confirmed to be the nation's top chronic disease, occurring in adults and children alike. Tooth decay is also 4 times more commonly occurring than asthma. What is surprising about this fact is that tooth decay is a disease. Dental caries disease, also called tooth decay, refers to demineralization or weakening of the teeth, and the end result of caries disease is a caries lesion.. An advanced caries lesion can progress to a point where the tooth surface forms a cavitation or a hole, which is the physical evidence of tooth breakdown

1. Tooth Decay: A Chronic Disease Tooth decay (dental caries) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases of people worldwide; individuals are susceptible to this disease throughout their lifetimes. A study published in 2005 found that 90% of adults had dental caries in their permanent teeth, and 23% had untreated tooth decay (Beltrán. Digestive system disease - Digestive system disease - Dental caries: Dental caries, or cavities, are due to the destruction of the dental enamel and underlying tissues by organic acids. These acids are formed by bacteria growing in debris and food accumulated in pockets between the base of the teeth and the gum margins. Poor oral hygiene is the underlying predisposing circumstance Chronic renal insufficiency (CRI) is an irreversible lesion of the renal function with advancing of renal rickets, dyselectrolythemia, azotemic osteodystrophia in the bones. On the background of all those severe changes in organism, low indices of dental caries epidemicty are cited in literature Dental caries is more common among young children than any other chronic illness, including asthma and diabetes. Tooth decay begins with a group of germs called mutans streptococcus

manner. As dental caries is a chronic disease that is signifi-cantly influenced by social and behavioral factors, effective management requires customized patient self-management of etiologic factors. An important role of the professional team is to provide coaching and support to the patient and family t About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. The aim of this systematic review was to determine whether there is any evidence in the literature referring to a lower prevalence of dental caries in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD) compared to healthy individuals. A search of the PubMed Medline, Ovid Medline and Cochrane Library databases was performed using the MeSH terms dental caries and chronic renal. Dental caries is reported to be one of the oldest and most common diseases found in humans. Dental caries is a prevalent chronic infectious, disease resulting from tooth-adherent specific bacteria, primarily Streptococcus mutans that metabolize sugars to produce acid, which over time, demineralizes tooth structure. Etiolog

Acute and Chronic Caries and Necrosis of The Mastoid

e. Chronic dental caries - Slow progressive caries with late pulp involvement. Common in adults. Opening is large with less food retention more access to saliva. Dentinal sclerosis and reparative dentin formed. Dentin stained brown. Shallow cavity. Little undermining of enamel with little lateral spread at DEJ. Pain uncommon. Acute DC Chronic D Under repeated chronic stress conditions, the ANS system functions and consequently, the salivary glands function can get altered, which may increase risk of dental caries [23, 24]. On the other hand, caries-related chronic pain and dental procedures can in turn be associated with the in-crease of chronic stress load [25, 26]. Salivary cortisol. Pulpitis is inflammation of the dental pulp resulting from untreated caries, trauma, or multiple restorations. Its principal symptom is pain. Diagnosis is based on clinical findings, and results of x-rays and pulp vitality tests. Treatment involves removing decay, restoring the damaged tooth, and sometimes doing root canal therapy or extracting. Tooth decay, or cavities, are now recognized as one of the most common chronic diseases. A fifth of US children between six and eleven years of age and a quarter of all American adults have tooth. A reduced sense of smell or taste. Discolored mucus draining out of your nose or down your throat (usually yellow or green) Fatigue. A sore throat. Coughing that won't go away. Pain that radiates to your ears, teeth, or upper jaw. If any of these chronic sinusitis symptoms occur, be sure to seek guidance from your doctor

The most prevalent oral diseases - caries and periodontal diseases - are two of the most common diseases of humankind. They are responsible for a burden of disease, impacting quality of life and leading to years of disability. The goal of this Research Topic is to be a dedicated platform for in depth discussion about dental caries and periodontal diseases as non-communicable chronic diseases. Tooth decay is damage to a tooth caused by dental plaque turning sugars into acid. If plaque is allowed to build up, it can lead to problems, such as holes in the teeth (dental caries) and gum disease. Dental abscesses, which are collections of pus at the end of the teeth or in the gums, may develop

Tooth decay can be prevented! Prevalence of Oral Disease: Key: Tooth decay is chronic but can be prevented with proper oral hygiene and action for one's own health. Dental caries is the most common chronic disease of childhood - 5x more common than asthma. 50,000 cases of oral cancer in the United States Dental caries, or tooth decay, is the most prevalent chronic infectious disease in the oral cavity . Dental caries is the predominant cause of tooth loss in children and young adults and is also the primary cause of tooth root breakdown in the elderly Oral diseases ranging from dental caries (cavities) to oral cancers cause pain and disability for millions of Americans. The impact of these diseases does not stop at the mouth and teeth. A growing body of evidence has linked oral health, particularly periodontal (gum) disease, to several chronic diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and. Dental caries, commonly known as tooth decay, is the single most common chronic childhood disease. In fact, it is an infectious disease. Mothers with cavities can transmit caries-producing oral.

Dental Caries - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Reasons to do a gingival flap surgery | Intelligent Dental

Chronic caries (including milk teeth in children

Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic disease globally. Even with recent declines in the rates of large cavitated lesions, early lesions are present in most of the population (Kassebaum et al. 2015).Conventional caries detection methods that rely on visual inspection and the use of a dental probe are effective for large, clearly visible caries and for those partially obscured but. g89.29 other chronic pain j32.9 chronic sinustis: unspecified k00.0 anodontia k00.1 supernumerary teeth k00.2 abnormalities of size and form of teeth k02.52 dental caries on pit and fissure surface penetrating into dentin k02.53 dental caries on pit and fissure surface penetrating into pul

Periapical periodontitis - Wikipedia

Dental Caries - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshel

CARIES Detector Gel. Supports minimal invasive dentistry. Assists in the effective removal of infected (carious) dentine / tissue in the treatment of acute and chronic caries. Other attributes include the removal of stainable tissue and heavy natural discolouration in the restoration of pulpless teeth, in endodontic treatment to assist in the. Introduction. Dental caries is a consequence of dental hard tissue dissolution under cariogenic conditions of the dental biofilm. It is considered a complex phenomenon involving internal defense factors, such as saliva, tooth surface morphology, general health, and a number of external factors, e.g. diet, the microbial flora colonizing the teeth, oral hygiene, and fluoride availability. [ The most efficient way to prevent caries is by using fluoridated dental products. Fluoride can reduce enamel demineralization and promote enamel remineralization. In terms of prevention, the topical application of fluoride is accessible, which includes fluoride toothpaste, fluoride varnish, fluoride gel, and mouth rinse. Besides, the application of fluoride is systematical

[Correlation of acute and chronic caries in connection

Communication Is Key In Caries Management - Dimensions of

According to Douglas, dental caries is the most common chronic infectious disease of childhood, caused by the interaction of bacteria, mainly Streptococcus mutans, and sugary foods on tooth enamel. S. mutans breaks down sugars for energy, causing an acidic environment in the mouth and result in demineralization of the enamel of the teeth and.

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